What is Arthritis?
Arthritis literally means “joint inflammation” and can affect the joints in any component of the body. A joint is where two or more bones come together for example the knee, shoulder or wrist. Healthy joints are covered with a sponge-like material known as cartilage. The joint itself is enclosed in synovium, a sturdy sheath that produces synovial fluid that aids the cartilage in limiting friction in between the bones. A joint that is affected by arthritis (http://www.synotrex.com/arthritis-information.html) will become inflamed which brings about signs and symptoms that vary from mild pain, swelling, redness, heat, stiffness, and severe joint pain (http://www.synotrex.com/) that may make it difficult to move.
Arthritis is a common term for a group of more than 100 diseases associated with joint inflammation. The three most common kinds of arthritis consist of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout. Arthritis is one of the most typical diseases in the United States and impacts at least 80 million Americans, half of whom are age 65 and older. Arthritis is often a chronic disease, meaning it can affect the individual afflicted over a long period of time. Arthritis can’t be cured, but the signs and symptoms can be treated through a variety of joint pain items and methods.
Kinds of Arthritis
Although you will find more than 100 different diseases connected with the term arthritis, the three most typical are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout.
Osteoarthritis is the most typical kind of arthritis. It primarily affects the cartilage, the tissue that protects the ends of the bones within a joint to create a cushion between the bones. Over time, or simply because of disease, the cartilage might begin to wear out or decay; in some extreme instances, all the cartilage can be worn out leaving nothing to hold the bones within the joint from rubbing against each other. This friction frequently leads to pain and swelling, and in some instances, disability. Even though osteoarthritis can develop in any joint, it most often affects the large weight-bearing joints such as knees, hips, and feet, as well as the hands, low back (spinal facet joints) and neck.
Rheumatoid Arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease that not only impacts joints in any component of the body, but may also harm the tissue in the skin, lungs, eyes, and blood vessels. Categorized as an autoimmune disease, the immune system of a person with rheumatoid arthritis mistakenly turns against the person’s body and starts targeting the joints, which contributes to swelling in the joint lining. In addition to the usual signs and symptoms connected with arthritis for example pain, swelling, stiffness, and loss of function in the joints, a person with rheumatoid arthritis may feel tired and be feverish. Rheumatoid arthritis generally affects the person in a symmetrical pattern, which means if the left knee is involved, the right one will be impacted too.
Gout is one of the most painful rheumatic problems and frequently begins with an abrupt onset of intense pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints, which might also be warm to touch and red. Gout is brought on when the body can’t eliminate a naturally occurring substance called uric acid. Prior to an attack, uric acid in the form of needle-like crystals, accumulate in the connective tissue in the joint. This deposit results in inflammation of the joint. Gout is often induced by stressful events, alcohol or drugs, or the presence of another illness, and frequently affects joints in the lower component of the body including knees, heels, ankles, or toes.
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